Pride and Passion: The Africian American Baseball Experience - Photo Gallery

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  • Toledo team with Moses Fleetwood Walker Toledo team with Moses Fleetwood Walker
    Toledo team with Moses Fleetwood Walker, Toledo, Ohio


    American Association baseball team with Moses Fleetwood Walker, 1884

    Courtesy of National Baseball Hall of Fame Library
  • The Philadelphia Giants , 1904 The Philadelphia Giants , 1904
    The Philadelphia Giants with player-manager Sol White (standing, third from right) and pitcher Rube Foster (standing, second from left), 1904


    Courtesy of National Baseball Hall of Fame Library

    The Philadelphia Giants were an outstanding turn-of-the century black team. When Rube Foster joined them in 1904, he led them to the World's Colored Championship over the Cuban X Giants. Rube Foster went on to pioneer the first successful professional black baseball league, the Negro National League, in 1920.
  • St. Paul Gophers, c. 1909 St. Paul Gophers, c. 1909
    St. Paul Gophers, c. 1909


    Courtesy of National Baseball Hall of Fame Library

    The St. Paul Gophers were one of several independent, all-black teams to proclaim themselves "Colored World Champions" of 1909.
  • The Chicago American Giants, 1920 The Chicago American Giants, 1920
    The Chicago American Giants, 1920


    Courtesy of National Baseball Hall of Fame Library

    The Chicago American Giants with Hall of Famers Rube Foster (back row, center) and Cristobal Torriente (back row, far left).
  • Baseball autographed by the Kansas City Monarchs Baseball autographed by the Kansas City Monarchs
    Baseball autographed by the Kansas City Monarchs


    Winners of the 1924 World's Colored Championship

    Photo by Milo Stewart, Jr./National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
  • Belt buckle celebrating Hilldale's Eastern Colored League Championship, 1923 Belt buckle celebrating Hilldale's Eastern Colored League Championship, 1923
    Belt buckle celebrating Hilldale's Eastern Colored League Championship, 1923


    Photo by Milo Stewart, Jr./National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum

    The Hilldales, based in suburban Philadelphia, won the Eastern Colored League Championship three straight years from 1923 to 1925.
  • The Kansas City Monarchs, 1924 The Kansas City Monarchs, 1924
    The Kansas City Monarchs, 1924


    Courtesy of National Baseball Hall of Fame Library

    The Kansas City Monarchs, champions of the Negro National League, beat the Hilldales, champions of the Eastern Colored League, in the first World's Colored Championship in 1924.
  • Broadside advertising the Kansas City Monarchs' portable lighting system, c. 1930 roadside advertising the Kansas City Monarchs' portable lighting system, c. 1930
    Broadside advertising the Kansas City Monarchs' portable lighting system, c. 1930


    Courtesy of National Baseball Hall of Fame Library

    The Kansas City Monarchs, one of the first baseball teams to hold night games, traveled with their own generators and light stands. By moving games to times when more people could attend, they greatly increased gate receipts.
  • The East squad from the 1939 East-West Game, with Buck Leonard and Josh Gibson The East squad from the 1939 East-West Game, with Buck Leonard and Josh Gibson
    The East squad from the 1939 East-West Game, with Buck Leonard (back row, far left) and Josh Gibson (back row, third from right)


    Courtesy of National Baseball Hall of Fame Library

    Beginning in 1933, the East-West Game put the best players of the Negro leagues in the spotlight at Chicago's Comiskey Park. The game drew as many as 50,000 spectators. Chicago hosted the last East-West Game in 1953.
  • Frank Robinson, major league baseball's first African-American manager Frank Robinson, major league baseball's first African-American manager
    Frank Robinson, major league baseball's first African-American manager


    Courtesy of National Baseball Hall of Fame Library

    Frank Robinson made baseball history when he was selected by the Cleveland Indians as their manager in 1975. The first African-American manager in the major leagues, Robinson went on to manage the San Francisco Giants, the Baltimore Orioles, the Montreal Expos and the Washington Nationals.
  • Emmett Ashford, first black umpire in the major leagues Emmett Ashford, first black umpire in the major leagues
    Emmett Ashford, first black umpire in the major leagues


    Courtesy of National Baseball Hall of Fame Library

    In 1966, Emmett Ashford became the first African-American umpire in baseball's major leagues. Ashford worked in the American League from 1966 to 1970.
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